How to remove duplicates in Excel

Learn how to find, filter, and remove duplicates in Excel using quick and creative methods. If you are working with large data tables, it’s helpful to find unique values or remove duplicate values.

Our goal is to show you how to use Excel’s built-in data cleansing tools to find unique values in single or multiple columns.

Here we go; let us see how it works.

Table of contents:

  1. How to remove duplicates in Excel for a single column
  2. Find and remove duplicates in Excel for multiple columns
  3. Filtering for unique values and removing duplicate values
  4. Find and remove duplicate values using Conditional Formatting
  5. Remove duplicate data using Power Query
  6. Use Excel UNIQUE function to remove duplicates
  7. Working with Pivot Tables
  8. Find and remove duplicates using Formulas
  9. Build a macro to remove duplicate values
  10. Use DataXL free add-in

Download the practice file.

What is a duplicate value? Things to consider…

A comparison of duplicate values depends on what appears in the cell. So it’s not about the original value stored in the cell. Check the example below!

Let’s say that our range contains the same date value in multiples cells with various formatting.

things to consider before start removing duplicates

If we apply the ‘Remove duplicates’ command, we will get unique values without duplicates. Why? We are talking about unique values, but the cell format is different!

We recommend you format the data before you start using the function.

Tip: The remove duplicates tool, delete your duplicates permanently.

How to remove duplicates in Excel for a single column

In the first example, we’ll show you how to check for duplicates from a single column (list) and keep unique rows. As first, select the range which contains duplicated values.

1. Locate the ribbon, and click on the Data Tab.

locate the data tab on the ribbon

2. A new window will appear by clicking on ‘Remove Duplicates.’

find duplicates in single column

3. Finally, click the OK button. A small message box will appear. It contains helpful information about the numbers of removed duplicates and unique values. Click OK to close the window.

Important: Now, decide your data contains a header or not. If your range has a header, make sure the status of the ‘My list has headers’ box is checked. If you don’t do that, you’ll get a false result.

Find and remove duplicates in Excel for multiple columns

If you want to remove duplicates in more than one column (and keep unique rows), use the following method. At first glance, the’ Remove Duplicates’ is a swiss knife in Excel. But we kindly ask you, use it carefully. We’ll show you why. If you use the tool on a range containing multiple columns, the results can be different.

There are three sample outputs for the ‘Rep,’ ‘Regions,’ and ‘OrderDate’ columns in the examples below. First, as we mentioned before, click on the ribbon and select the ‘Remove Duplicates’ command.


Example 1

The first image displays all the duplicates based only on the Sales rep. After removing duplicates, nine unique values remain.

remove duplicates multiple columns

Example 2

The second image shows all the duplicates based on the Rep and Region columns. After clicking OK, based on two columns, Excel removes four duplicate values, and ten unique values remain.

filter and select unique values from a list

Example 3

The third image shows all the duplicates based on all columns in the table. In this case, 12 unique values remain.

find unique values in a table

Don’t forget: Before we start, let’s quickly compare removed items to check how the different filters work. You can check for duplicates in many different ways, and it depends on your task.

Filtering for unique values and removing duplicate values

This part of the tutorial will explain the differences between filtering (hiding) and removing duplicate values. At first glance, there are two similar tasks: their objective is to create a list of unique values.

It’s a smart decision to apply filters before removing duplicates. Try to switch the advanced filter on or use simple conditional formatting to avoid unexpected results.

To filter unique values, follow the steps below.

1. Select the range or a table. Tip: It’s good enough to select a single cell in a range.

2. Click the Data Tab and select the ‘Advanced Filter‘ under the ‘Sort & Filter’ group.

advanced filter

3. Now, the ‘Advanced Filter’ box appears. You have two choices to apply the filter.

In the first example, we temporarily hide the duplicate values and keep the list in place. To do that, select ‘Filter the list, in-place,’ check the ‘Unique records only’ box. Then, click OK to close the window.

filter the list in place

Check the result! If you are using an advanced filter for unique values, duplicates are only hidden temporarily. Take a closer look at the picture below! This is a filtered list that contains all records.

In the second example, we’ll show you how to copy the unique records to another location and keep the original list in place. To do that, select the ‘Copy to another location’ checkbox, then select the unique records only. Click OK. Finally, select the target location to copy the result to another worksheet.

copy the filtered list to another location

Find and remove duplicate values using Conditional Formatting

Conditional formatting is a versatile tool; we love it! Let’s see how to highlight duplicate values in a single column:

As first, we have to talk about an important step. It’s important to select all cells in a range! It is a limitation of formatting rules.

Go to the Home tab and locate the Style group.

Click the small arrow for Conditional Formatting from the drop-down list, and then click Highlight Cells Rules. Finally, select Duplicate Values.

conditional formatting to find unique or duplicate values

The method is perfect if we want to remove duplicates in a single column.

formatting options

How to find unique or duplicate values using multiple columns?

Because conditional formatting cannot work with records across rows, we will apply a small trick. First, create a helper column and use the CONCAT function to create a single string without spaces.

use the concat function

We’ll use this combined column to check for duplicates in more than one column.

The first three steps are the same as the single-column example:

Click Conditional Formatting > Highlight Cells Rules > Duplicate values.

Select the’ Duplicate’ option from the drop-down list if you want to highlight the duplicate values for three columns. Then, apply a built-in or a custom formatting style. The result is below:

formatting multiple columns

Tip: If you need to take a quick overview of duplicates, use the Quick Analysis Tool.

Select the range which contains duplicates. A small icon will appear at the end of the range. Choose the ‘Formatting’ tab and select ‘Duplicates’ from the list. You can use the ‘Ctrl + ‘Q’ shortcut too.

quick analysis tools for highlighting values

Find And Remove Duplicate Data using Power Query

Select the range that you want to add to the Power Query Editor. Then, select the Data Tab in the ‘Get and Transform’ section, choose the ‘From Table / Range’ option.

select range to transform data power query

Now the Power Query window appears. In this case, select the first column, ‘Rep.’ Right-click and apply the ‘Remove Duplicates’ command.

power query remove duplicates

Working with multiple columns

The Power Query-based method works on single or multiple ranges.

Example 1: If you need to find duplicate rows based on the entire table, hold the ‘Control’ key and select the column by clicking headers.

Example 2: Quick tip to keep distinct values based on the entire range: Check the table icon on the first column’s header. Right-click, then click remove duplicates. It’s easy!

power query table tools

Pivot Tables

In this example, we’ll show you how to remove duplicates using Pivot Tables.

  1. Select data.
  2. Click the Home Tab and Insert a Pivot Table.
  3. Make sure to drag all three fields into the Rows section.
prepare pivot table

Go to the Design Tab and transform the Pivot table using the steps below.

Click on the Pivot Table area:

  • Select ‘Subtotals’, and click ‘Do Not Show Subtotals
  • Switch off showing ‘Grand Totals’ using the drop-down list
  • Under the ‘Report Layout’ section click ‘Show data in Tabular Form’ and ‘Repeat All Item Labels’
report layout to remove duplicate values

Good to know that the Pivot table lists unique values only. If you create a proper report layout, the Pivot table removes duplicate rows.

Create a unique list using Excel UNIQUE function

If you are using the latest Office release (Office365+ and above), we have good news. Using the UNIQUE function, you can create a unique list in one single step.

This function is currently available only to Microsoft 365 subscribers.

Find and remove duplicates using classic Formulas

A comparison of duplicate values depends on what appears in the cell. So, it’s worth using formulas and functions to remove duplicates properly.

Let’s see the example below!
We will create a helper column and join the data, which are in three columns. But, first, add a name to the new column, in this case, ‘Joined records.

Combine the records using the Excel CONCAT function:

=CONCAT(Rep, Region, OrderDate)

With the help of the COUNTIFS function, we’ll take a quick overview of the number of duplicate values. Create a new column, ‘Count Duplicates.’

Enter the formula, then evaluate:


The result:

find duplicate values using excel formulas

Copy the formula down until cell E15. The COUNTIFS function will show the duplicates quickly.

Take a closer look at the output:

  • We are talking about distinct values if the result = 1
  • If it’s greater than 1, the value appears in the list more than once

I’ve just highlighted the duplicate values using orange fill.

To remove duplicates apply a filter using the Ctrl + Shift + L keyboard shortcut and select the duplicate rows using the drop-down list.

apply a filter to delete duplicates

Build a macro to remove duplicate values

Okay, if VBA is your friend, we’ll show some small snippets to keep unique rows.


  • If the range does not have a header, then use Header:=‘xlNo
  • If the range has header, then use Header:=‘xlYes’

Example 1: Our range is A1:C15, the range has a header, and we want to remove duplicates from the first column. The code is the following:

Sub Example1()
Range("A1:C15").RemoveDuplicates Columns:=1, Header:=xlYes
End Sub

Example 2: The range is the same as above, and we want to remove duplicates from the first and the third columns:

Sub Example2()
Range("A1:C13").RemoveDuplicates Columns:=Array(1, 3), Header:=xlYes
End Sub
remove duplicate values using macros

Use DataXL free add-in

DataXL is our answer to data cleansing challenges! Coming soon!

Additional resources:

Istvan Vozar

Istvan is the co-founder of Visual Analytics. He helps people reach the top in Excel.